Cement mixing is a great DIY skill to learn and it can be adapted to a vast array of outdoor construction projects around your home. You can make your own mortar or concrete mix with the right tools, supplies, protective equipment, and a touch of elbow grease ready to go on your next work. You should mix the cement yourself for most homework jobs. If you look at a larger field or a more complicated project.

Step by Step

But mixing cement is simple if you’re up for some DIY, and you can do it in a few fast steps: 

  • Prepare devices and supplies 
  • Combine sand, cement, and water to create a mortar, then apply aggregates to the mix to make concrete. 
  • Mix thoroughly before proper consistency is achieved 
  • Mix the ingredients to produce cement or mortar 
  • Get washed to avoid stiffness

Making Cement

Place the cement, sand, (aggregates when making concrete) and water into separate plastic buckets following the instructions of the supplier. Recommendations for a regular mortar mix will typically differ in a ratio (usually about three or four parts building sand to one part cement) – but you don’t want the mixture to be too wet or too dry. It depends on what strength you ‘re trying to achieve in terms of the concrete mixture, but as a rough reference, a typical concrete mix will be one part cement to two parts sand to four parts aggregates. A mixture of one part cement to three parts sand to six parts aggregates may be used for foundations. Measure about half the cement, sand, and aggregates (only for a concrete mixture) you’ll be mixing.

Using half now can keep the mix from drying out before you have the opportunity to use it all-you-can add the other half later. Tip the sand and aggregates (if a concrete mixture is made) onto the mixing board or into the container. Forme a crater in the center of the pile by using a wall. Measure half of the cement you are using and dump it into the middle of the crater. It’s about time to begin mixing. Mix the materials together with the shovel, working the shovel around the pile of cement, sand, and aggregates (if the concrete mixture is made). Reassemble your pile in a cone-like shape, and create another crater in the center.

The Product

The crater will be about half the diameter of the mound itself, in height. You ‘re going to use your water to fill up this crater. Once, there is no exact quantity to apply, only pour in enough water to fill the crater slightly – enough to form a smooth paste once it is mixed. Using the shovel edges to create holes in the top of the mixture as the mixture gets damp enough to test its consistency, forming ridges as you go. To order to provide a smooth finish, concrete should be poured or shoveled into the desired area and then screened if necessary.