Concrete comes in different varieties according to its usages. As you know, it’s material that is formed by the combination of cement, aggregates, water, and coarse aggregates. It is used for constructional purposes. Concrete is a very strong material without which the construction is almost impossible.
Here we are going to discuss the different properties and uses of various concretes.
- Normal Strength Concrete:
A normal strength concrete is formed by the combination of cement, water, and aggregate. There is no fixed strength of this concrete but usually, it’s around 10 Mpa to 40 Mpa. Its quality varies according to its cement and weather conditions.
- Plain Concrete:
Alike normal concrete it is the combination of cement, aggregates, and water. The plain concrete is mostly used in constructing buildings and pavements. It has durability from a satisfactory level to high.
- Reinforced Concrete:
Nowadays this concrete is widely used in industries and the latest constructions. Its power is multiplied by adding wires, cables, and steel rods. Recently, fibers have also been used with this concrete to increase its strength.
- Prestressed Concrete:
Prestressed concrete is used in mega-projects. Here loads are used before filling the concrete. They are used to construct heavy structures, bridges, and large roofs. It needs highly trained laborers and heavy machinery.
- Precast Concrete:
Precast concrete is made in a factory, and bought to sight at the time of assembling. The example includes blocks, concrete lintels, and many other elements. The company provides premium quality material for precast concrete.
- Lightweight Concrete:
Lightweight concrete has a low density of about 1930kg/m3. They are mainly used for protecting steel structures.
- High-Density Concrete:
They have a range of around 3000 to 4000 kg/m3. The crush rocks are used as aggregates. The most commonly used material in this category is Barytes. They are used in Atomic plants, etc.
- Air Entrained Concrete:
In these concrete air is intentionally added up to 3 to 6%. Examples are alcohol, resins and fatty acids.
- Ready Mix Concrete:
This concrete is mixed in a mixing plant and bought to the site truck with a transit mixer. It is made from the best quality.
- Polymer Concrete:
It this concrete the aggregates will match the polymer, not the cement. They are used for minimum voids and maximum density.
- High-Strength Concrete:
High-Strength has around 40Mpa. It is not a good performing concrete.
- High-Performance Concrete:
It contains limited strength. It has a long life and durability.
- Self – Consolidated Concrete:
It is also called flowing concrete due to its higher workability.
- Shotcrete Concrete:
This concrete is put into a nozzle to form different structures.
- Pervious Concrete:
This concrete allows water to pass through it. It has 15% – 20% voids.
- Vacuum Concrete:
It is a concrete where extra water is removed through the vacuum pump.
- Pumped Concrete:
Pumped concrete is pumped through pipes to heights. It is used for mega-projects.
- Stamped Concrete:
Stamped concrete is the concrete where designs and patterns can be formed when it’s in plastic condition.
Here cement is replaced by lime. It is used on floors and domes.
- Asphalt Concrete:
It is a mixture of aggregates and asphalt. It is used for roads, parking lots, etc.
- Roller Compacted Concrete:
They are placed and compacted by heavy rollers in excavation and fillings.
- Rapid Strength Concrete:
This concrete gets strength just in few hours.
- Glass Concrete:
Recycled grass used as an aggregate in concrete is known as glass concrete. They are durable and long-lasting.